The "Sick Building Syndrome" (SBS) or "Building Related Illness" (BRI) now-a-days is a very prominent issue in side the buildings. Especially at work places where more people are working in small spaces or air-tight spaces where there is no proper air ventilation.
Symptoms of Sick Building Syndrome
The most common symptoms of SBS or BRI are fatigue, headache, red eyes, eye/nose/throat irritation, dry cough, dry or itchy skin, dizziness, difficulty in focus on work etc. And when people change their space or go out suddenly they start feeling better and active. This happens just because of bad air quality inside the building.
Causes of Sick Building Syndrome
Improper ventilation in buildings: No open windows and doors. No good HVAC system.
Chemical contaminants from inside the buildings: Chemicals and adhesives, carpets, upholstery, furniture, copy machines, pesticides, carbon dioxide, nitrogen monoxide are the main source.
Chemical contaminants from outdoor source: The air which enters the building from outside contains air pollution i.e. pollutants from vehicle exhaust, plumbing vents and building exhausts.
Biological contaminants: Bacteria, molds, pollen and viruses are main type of biological contaminants. Causes of biological contaminants are; stagnant water, inadequate temperature, humidity and light.
Solutions to Sick Building Syndrome
Use good quality HVAC system with regular filter cleaning
Proper air ventilation and exhausts.
Proper storage to chemicals, adhesives and pesticides.
Replacement of water-stained ceiling tiles.
Air cleaning systems
Most Important: increase greens outside the buildings as well as inside.
Use more air purifying plants outside and inside of the building which purify the air by removing toxins and pollutants from air and also generate fresh natural oxygen.